The club and the academy was founded in the summer of 2009 and enrolled in Liga III after buying a spot from CSO Ovidiu. The club is owned and was founded by world-wide known international Romanian footballer, Gheorghe Hagi. The club, known in English as 'The Future Football Club', is mainly known as a club based on nurturing the youth talents in Romania, and possesses the top youth facilities of any club in the country.
2011/12 season: The club finished first in Liga II and gained the right to play in Romania's top division, Liga I. The club obtained good results: 19 wins, 4 draws, 7 defeats with 89 goals scored in 30 matches played.
In the top flight: In the 2012/13 season, the club finished 13th in Liga I, maintaining itself in the first football division, with 8 victories, 12 draws, and 13 defeats with 36 points. FC Viitorul Constanța gained its major victories when they defeated the champion of Romania, Steaua by a score of 5–2, and former champions Dinamo by a score of 3–2, saving the club from relegation. The club would move to avoid relegation in the next 2 seasons.
In 2016, Viitorul achieved their best performance, qualifying for the championship play-offs and finished 5th place, thus qualifying in the third qualifying round of UEFA Europa League, where they were drawn against former Belgian champions, KAA Gent. In their first European match, at Ghelamco Stadium, Ghent, Belgium, Viitorul suffered defeat to Gent.